A randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of the prevention of aspiration pneumonia using recommendations for swallowing care guided by ultrasound examination

Yuka Miura, Gojiro Nakagami, Koichi Yabunaka, Haruka Tohara, Hiroshi Noguchi, Taketoshi Mori, Hiromi Sanada

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Prevention for aspiration pneumonia requires assessment of aspiration and adequate swallowing care. This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound examination and recommendations for swallowing care for the reduction of aspiration and pharyngeal post-swallow residue as compared with standard swallowing care. Twenty-three participants were randomized to the intervention group and 23 to the control group. The intervention consisted of four ultrasound examinations during mealtimes and recommendations for swallowing care every 2 weeks during an 8 week period. No recommendations concerning swallowing care based on ultrasound examinations were provided to the control group. The frequency of aspiration or residue was defined as x/y × 100% when aspiration or residue were detected x times from y times concerning the total ultrasound measurements. The proportion of the residents with reduced frequency of aspiration which was detected by ultrasonography at eight weeks were 4.3% in the intervention group and 0% in the control group. The median reduction in the frequency of aspiration and residue in the intervention group was 31%, and that in the control group was 11%. In conclusion, swallowing care guided by frequent ultrasound examinations during mealtimes had a trend of reducing the frequency of aspiration and residue during an 8-week period in individuals relative to standard swallowing care alone.

本文言語英語
論文番号15
ジャーナルHealthcare (Switzerland)
6
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 03-2018
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 健康情報学
  • 健康政策
  • 健康情報管理
  • リーダーシップと管理

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