We detected Ent plasmids in 300 strains of human enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, but one strain, E. coli 240-3, had neither a small nor a large plasmid and encoded the heat-labile enterotoxin (LTh(240-3)) gene on its chromosome. DNA sequences showed that LTh(240-3) differed by 12 and 14 base pairs from LT (LTh) and LT (LTp) from human H10407 and porcine EWD299 strains, respectively. In deduced precursor toxins, LTh(240-3), LTh and LTp differed from LTh, LTp and LTh(240-3) at nine, eight and eleven positions, respectively. These data suggest that although LTh(240-3) encoded in the chromosome is antigenically similar to LTh, it cannot be grouped with LTh due to differences in its DNA and amino acids sequences.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology