Advances for Pulmonary Functional Imaging: Dual-Energy Computed Tomography for Pulmonary Functional Imaging

Yoshiyuki Ozawa, Yoshiharu Ohno, Hiroyuki Nagata, Keigo Tamokami, Keitaro Nishikimi, Yuka Oshima, Nayu Hamabuchi, Takahiro Matsuyama, Takahiro Ueda, Hiroshi Toyama

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿総説査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) can improve the differentiation of material by using two different X-ray energy spectra, and may provide new imaging techniques to diagnostic radiology to overcome the limitations of conventional CT in characterizing tissue. Some techniques have used dual-energy imaging, which mainly includes dual-sourced, rapid kVp switching, dual-layer detectors, and split-filter imaging. In iodine images, images of the lung’s perfused blood volume (PBV) based on DECT have been applied in patients with pulmonary embolism to obtain both images of the PE occluding the pulmonary artery and the consequent perfusion defects in the lung’s parenchyma. PBV images of the lung also have the potential to indicate the severity of PE, including chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Virtual monochromatic imaging can improve the accuracy of diagnosing pulmonary vascular diseases by optimizing kiloelectronvolt settings for various purposes. Iodine images also could provide a new approach in the area of thoracic oncology, for example, for the characterization of pulmonary nodules and mediastinal lymph nodes. DECT-based lung ventilation imaging is also available with noble gases with high atomic numbers, such as xenon, which is similar to iodine. A ventilation map of the lung can be used to image various pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

本文言語英語
論文番号2295
ジャーナルDiagnostics
13
13
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 07-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 臨床生化学

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