No analysis has been done of the ambisense of GB virus C (GBV-C). When the anti-genomes of 16 reported sequences of GBV-C were analyzed, nucleotide codons 1758 and 1402 within the antigenome were conserved initiation and stop codons, respectively. Nucleotide sequences were also determined within the same region of 22 GBV-C strains. The anti-genomes of 38 sequences were translated and a consensus sequence was determined. In accordance with the consensus sequence, overlapping peptides were synthesized and used for the detection of anti-synthetic peptide antibodies by ELISA. The positivity of antibodies among sera with GBV-C RNA was Significantly higher than among sera without GBV-C RNA (66.7% vs. 15.6%), regardless of the simultaneous presence of hepatitis B surface antigen or antibodies to hepatitis C virus (P < .05). These results indicated that a novel protein associated with GBV-C might be expressed from the ambisense of this virus.
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