Annual dialysis data report 2019, JSDT Renal Data Registry

Norio Hanafusa, Masanori Abe, Nobuhiko Joki, Tetsuya Ogawa, Eiichiro Kanda, Kan Kikuchi, Shunsuke Goto, Masatomo Taniguchi, Shigeru Nakai, Toshihide Naganuma, Takeshi Hasegawa, Junichi Hoshino, Kenichiro Miura, Atsushi Wada, Yoshiaki Takemoto

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: The Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy is conducting the survey annually since 1968. The results provide a comprehensive picture of dialysis therapy in Japan. The survey for the year 2019 was performed as of December 2019. Methods: Questionnaires were sent to all facilities that provide patients with dialysis therapy in Japan as an Excel file. Data were collected and compiled to form cross-sectional results of dialysis therapy from various aspects. Results: At the end of 2019, the annual survey of the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy Renal Data Registry (JRDR) was conducted at 4487 dialysis facilities, of which 4411 facilities (98.3%) responded to the facility survey and 4238 facilities (94.5%) responded to the patient survey. The number of chronic dialysis patients in Japan continues to increase every year; it reached 344,640 at the end of 2019, and the prevalence ratio of dialysis patients was 2732 per million population. In the patient survey, the mean age of prevalent dialysis patients was 69.09 years. The most prevalent primary disease among prevalent dialysis patients was diabetic nephropathy (39.1%), followed by chronic glomerulonephritis (25.7%) and nephrosclerosis (11.1%). In 2019, there were 40,885 new patients on dialysis, an increase of 417 over 2018. The average age of incident dialysis patients was 70.42 years, and diabetic nephropathy (41.6%) was the most common cause. The second cause was nephrosclerosis, followed by glomerulonephritis. As 34,642 patients passed away in 2019, the crude mortality rate for the year was 10.1%. Heart failure (22.7%), infectious disease (21.5%), and malignancy (8.7%) were the three leading causes of death. Since 2012, the number of patients treated by hemodiafiltration (HDF) has increased substantially. The figure reached 144,686 by year's end, representing 42.0% of all dialysis patients. In 2019, the number of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients was 9,920, a small rise from 2017. 19.2% of PD patients also received hemodialysis (HD) or HDF to compensate for the reduction in dialysis dosage or in fluid removal by PD alone (hybrid therapy). At the end of 2019, 760 patients received home HD therapy, an increase of 40 from 2018. In 2019, a detailed survey was conducted on the current status of CKD-MBD treatment, 10 years after the previous survey in 2009. The clinical efficacy of newly released medications during this time period and the impact of the 2012 revisions to the CKD-MBD guidelines require further investigation. These analyses would serve as the foundation for the next revision of the CKD-MBD guidelines and may reveal deeper therapeutic insights regarding CKD-MBD. Conclusions: The results obtained by the survey revealed the comprehensive practice patterns of dialysis therapy and served as a basis for future guidelines. Trial registration: JRDR was approved by the ethics committee of JSDT (approval number 1–5) and registered in the "University hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) Clinical Trials Registry" on 10th September 2019 with a clinical trial ID of UMIN000018641. https://upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-bin/ctr/ctr_view_reg.cgi?recptno=R000021578 (Accessed 20 November 2020).

本文言語英語
論文番号47
ジャーナルRenal Replacement Therapy
9
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12-2023
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 腎臓病学
  • 泌尿器学
  • 移植

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