The role of the δ-opioid receptor (OPRD1) in methamphetamine (MAP) addiction was investigated using association analysis between OPRD1 gene polymorphisms and MAP dependence/psychosis. DNA samples from Japanese patients with MAP dependence/psychosis were analyzed to find polymorphisms in OPRD1 gene exons and exon-intron boundaries. One novel single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in intron 1 and two SNPs in exon 3 were identified. The two SNPs in exon 3 were in linkage disequilibrium. No significant difference was observed in either genotypic or allelic frequencies of these SNPs between controls (n = 260) and MAP dependent/psychotic patients (n = 170). Global analyses using the three SNPs and subcategory analyses on clinical parameters also showed no significant differences. These results suggest that the OPRD1 gene variants may not be a factor in vulnerability to MAP dependence/psychosis.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 05-07-2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience