Better visual outcome by intraocular lens ejection in geriatric patients with ruptured ocular injuries

Hiroki Kaneko, Tetsu Asami, Tadasu Sugita, Taichi Tsunekawa, Toshiyuki Matsuura, Kei Takayama, Kentaro Yamamoto, Shu Kachi, Yasuki Ito, Shinji Ueno, Norie Nonobe, Keiko Kataoka, Ayana Suzumura, Takeshi Iwase, Hiroko Terasaki

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Ocular trauma is one of the leading causes of visual impairment worldwide. Because of the popularity of cataract surgeries, aged individuals with ocular trauma commonly have a surgical wound in their eyes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual outcome of cases that were coincident with intraocular lens (IOL) ejection in the eyes with ruptured open-globe ocular injuries. Consecutive patients with open-globe ocular injuries were first reviewed. Patients' characteristics, corrected distance visual acuities (CDVAs) over 3 years after the trauma, causes of injuries, traumatic wound patterns, and coexistence of retinal detachment were examined. The relationships between poor CDVA and the other factors, including the complications of crystalline lens and IOL ejection, were examined. A total of 105 eyes/patients [43 eyes with rupture, 33 with penetrating, 28 with intraocular foreign body (IOFB), and 1 with perforating injuries] were included. Rupture injuries were common in aged patients and were mostly caused by falls, whereas penetrating and IOFB injuries were common in young male patients. CDVAs of the eyes with rupture injuries were significantly worse than those of the eyes with penetrating or IOFB injuries. CDVA from more than 50% of the ruptured eyes resulted in no light perception or light perception to 20/500. CDVA of the ruptured eyes complicated by crystalline lens ejection was significantly worse than that of those complicated by IOL ejection. The wounds of the ruptured eyes complicated by IOL ejection were mainly located at the superior corneoscleral limbus, whereas those of the eyes complicated by crystalline lens ejection were located at the posterior sclera. There were significant correlations between poor CDVA and retinal detachment and crystalline lens ejection. These results proposed a new trend in the ocular injuries that commonly occur in aged patients; history of cataract surgery might affect the final visual outcome after open-globe ocular injuries.

本文言語英語
論文番号e0170094
ジャーナルPloS one
12
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 01-2017
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学一般
  • 農業および生物科学一般
  • 一般

フィンガープリント

「Better visual outcome by intraocular lens ejection in geriatric patients with ruptured ocular injuries」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル