Bisphenol A may cause testosterone reduction by adversely affecting both testis and pituitary systems similar to estradiol

Daichi Nakamura, Yukie Yanagiba, Zhiwen Duan, Yuki Ito, Ai Okamura, Nobuyuki Asaeda, Yoshiaki Tagawa, Chun Mei Li, Kazuyoshi Taya, Shu Yun Zhang, Hisao Naito, Doni Hikmat Ramdhan, Michihiro Kamijima, Tamie Nakajima

研究成果: Article査読

150 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Bisphenol A (BPA) causes reproductive toxicities, but the mechanisms are still unclear. In the present study, we sought to clarify these mechanisms in comparison with those of 17β-estradiol (E2). Prepubertal Wistar/ST male rats (4 weeks old) were subcutaneously administered BPA (0, 20, 100 and 200mg/kg/day) or E2 (10 and 100μg/kg/day) for 6 weeks. Both BPA and E2 treatments decreased plasma and testicular testosterone levels, and plasma luteinizing hormone (LH), but not E2 and follicle-stimulating hormone levels, though E2 treatment increased its plasma level. In relation to the decreased testosterone levels, BPA and E2 decreased expressions of steroidogenic enzymes and cholesterol carrier protein in Leydig cells. Thus, decreased testosterone levels in plasma might have resulted from decreased expressions of these enzymes and protein as well as from decreased plasma LH levels. Interestingly, the changes in steroidogenic enzymes and carrier protein were observed at lower levels of exposure to BPA or E2 than those inhibiting plasma LH levels. Microscopically, 200mg/kg BPA and 100μg/kg E2 significantly decreased Leydig cell numbers in the testis. In addition, BPA and E2 also decreased expression of estrogen receptor α-mRNA, which might be related to the decreased numbers of Leydig cells. Thus, BPA directly affects not only the Leydig cells but also the pituitary gland, but the former may be impaired at lower exposure concentrations than the latter.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)16-25
ページ数10
ジャーナルToxicology Letters
194
1-2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology

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