HDL and its major component, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), play a central role in reverse cholesterol transport. We recently reported the involvement of a glycosylphos-phatidylinositol anchor (GPI anchor) in the binding of HDL and apoA-I on human macrophages, and purified an 80 kDa HDL/apoA-I binding protein. In the present study, we characterized the GPI-anchored HDL/apoA-I binding protein from macrophages. The HDL/apoA-I binding protein was purified from macrophages and digested with endopeptidase, and the resultant fragments were sequenced. Cholesterol efflux, flow cytometry, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemical analyses were performed to characterize the HDL/apoA-I binding protein. Two parts of seven amino acid sequences completely matched those of moesin. Flow cytometry, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemistry using anti-moesin antibody showed that the HDL/apoA-I binding protein was N-glycosylated and expressed on the cell surface. It was termed moesin-like protein. Treatment of macrophages with anti-moesin antibody blocked the binding of HDL/apoA-I and suppressed cholesterol efflux. The moesin-like protein was exclusively expressed on macrophages and was upregulated by cholesterol loading and cell differentiation. Our results indicate that the moesin-like HDL/apoA-I binding protein is specifically expressed on the surface of human macrophages and promotes cholesterol efflux from macrophages.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes