Objective: In Japan, >80% of kidney transplantations (KTs) are performed from living donors because of a severe shortage of deceased donors. Moreover, >90% of deceased donors are nonheart-beating donors. In this study, we compared the quality of life (QOL) of the recipients between living- and deceased-donor KT performed in our hospital. Methods: QOLs of 91 recipients (11 deceased donors and 80 living donors) were analyzed using the Short Form 36 before and 1, 2, and 3 years after KT. Changes in QOLs were compared between deceased-donor KT (group DD) and living-donor KT (group LD). Results: In group DD, physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary scores before transplantation were 43.7 and 48.7, respectively. PCS decreased to 35.3 at 1 year and 34.2 at 2 years, but increased to 52.6 at 3 years. MCS as 43.2 at 1 year, 52.2 at 2 years, and 44.5 at 3 years. In group LD, PCS and MCS before transplantation were 36.9 and 42.6, respectively. PCS increased to 43.3 at 1 year, 47.6 at 2 years, and 51.0 at 3 years, and MCS increased to 47.8 at 1 year, 50.1 at 2 years, and 49.6 at 3 years. Conclusions: The recipients of living-donor KT showed an improvement of QOL immediately after transplantation. However, in the recipients of deceased-donor KT, physical QOL (PCS) decreased for 2 years after transplantation. The reasons seem to be long waiting period and the use of nonheart-beating donors in deceased-donor KT in Japan.
|出版ステータス||Published - 01-2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes