An unusual rotavirus strain, DB2015-066 with the G10P genotype (RVA/Human-wt/THA/DB2015-066/2015/G10P), was detected in a stool sample from a child hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Thailand. Here, we sequenced and characterized the full-genome of the strain DB2015-066. On whole genomic analysis, strain DB2015-066 was shown to have a unique genotype constellation: G10-P-I2-R2-C2-M2-A3-N2-T6-E2-H3. The backbone genes of this strain (I2-R2-C2-M2-A3-N2-T6-E2-H3) are commonly found in rotavirus strains from artiodactyls such as cattle. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis indicated that each of the 11 genes of strain DB2015-066 could be of artiodactyl (likely bovine) origin. Thus, strain DB2015-066 appeared to be derived from through zoonotic transmission of a bovine rotavirus strain. Of note, the VP7 gene of strain DB2015-066 was located in G10 lineage-6 together with ones of bovine and bovine-like rotavirus strains, away from the clusters comprising other G10P strains in G10 lineage-2/4/5/9, suggesting the occurrence of independent bovine-to-human interspecies transmission events. Our observations provide important insights into the origins of rare G10P strains, and into dynamic interactions between artiodactyl and human rotavirus strains.
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