Cognition impairment in the klotho gene mutant mice and oxidative stress

Taku Nagai, Kiyofumi Yamada, Hyoung Chun Kim, Yukihiro Noda, Yo Ichi Nabeshima, Toshitaka Nabeshima

研究成果: Short survey査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Klotho is a recently identified gene that is a very different type from those involved in previously described premature-aging syndromes and cell senescence. Although a high level of expression of the klotho gene was detected in the kidney and brain, little is known about the function of the klotho gene in the brain. Here we investigated the changes in mnemonic function accompanying aging in klotho mutant mice. Cognitive function measured by novel-object recognition and conditioned-fear tests in klotho mutant mice was normal at the age of 6 weeks, but markedly impaired at the age of 7 weeks. Lipid peroxide (malondialdehyde) and DNA peroxide (8-hydroxy-2′ -deoxyguanosine) levels in the hippocampus of klotho mutant mice increased at the age of 5 weeks, 2 weeks prior to the development of cognition deficits. Pro-death Bax increased, while anti-death Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL decreased, and apoptotic TUNEL-positive cells were detected in the hippocampus of klotho mutant mice at the age of 7 weeks. A potent antioxidant α-tocopherol prevented the cognition impairment and lipid peroxide accumulation, and decreased the number of apoptotic cells in klotho mutant mice. These results suggest that oxidative stress has a crucial role in the aging-associated cognition impairment in klotho mutant mice. Klotho protein may be involved in the regulation of antioxidative defense.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)211-217
ページ数7
ジャーナルJapanese Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
23
5
出版ステータスPublished - 01-10-2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 臨床心理学
  • 薬理学
  • 精神医学および精神衛生
  • 薬理学(医学)

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