Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and Morita therapy (MT); comparison of three established psychotherapies and possible common neural mechanisms of psychotherapies

Johannes M. Dijkstra, Toshiharu Nagatsu

研究成果: Review article査読

抄録

Psychotherapies aim to relieve patients from mental distress by guiding them toward healthier attitudes and behaviors. Psychotherapies can differ substantially in concepts and approaches. In this review article, we compare the methods and science of three established psychotherapies: Morita Therapy (MT), which is a 100-year-old method established in Japan; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), which—worldwide—has become the major psychotherapy; and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), which is a relatively young psychotherapy that shares some characteristics with MT. The neuroscience of psychotherapy as a system is only beginning to be understood, but relatively solid scientific information is available about some of its important aspects such as learning, physical health, and social interactions. On average, psychotherapies work best if combined with pharmacotherapies. This synergy may rely on the drugs helping to “kickstart” the use of neural pathways (behaviors) to which a patient otherwise has poor access. Improved behavior, guided by psychotherapy, can then consolidate these pathways by their continued usage throughout a patient’s life.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)805-828
ページ数24
ジャーナルJournal of Neural Transmission
129
5-6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 06-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神経学
  • 臨床神経学
  • 精神医学および精神衛生
  • 生物学的精神医学

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