Comparison of High-Resolution Manometry in Patients Complaining of Dysphagia among Patients with or without Diabetes Mellitus

Koichi Muroi, Ryoji Miyahara, Kohei Funasaka, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Tsunaki Sawada, Keiko Maeda, Takeshi Yamamura, Takuya Ishikawa, Eizaburo Ohno, Masanao Nakamura, Hiroki Kawashima, Takeshi Onoue, Hiroshi Arima, Yoshiki Hirooka, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Introduction: Dysphagia is a common symptom that occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). There have been few prospective observational studies on esophageal motility disorders in DM using high-resolution manometry (HRM). This study aimed to clarify the characteristics of esophageal motility disorders using HRM in patients with dysphagia and compare them between DM and non-DM patients. Methods: Patients with dysphagia were prospectively recruited between October 2018 and July 2019. Patients (n = 89) underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and HRM and completed the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) questionnaire. Manometry parameters and motility disorder classifications were compared between DM and non-DM patients. We also investigated the differences in clinical backgrounds and questionnaire scores among DM patients with normal and abnormal manometry results. Results: A higher prevalence of esophageal motility disorder was observed in DM patients (60%, 21/35) compared to non-DM patients (29.6%, 16/54) (p = 0.001). The prevalence of minor disorders such as ineffective esophageal motor disorder and fragmented peristalsis was significantly higher (45 vs. 11%), and the distal contractile integral, integrated relaxation pressure, and contractile front velocity values were lower in the DM group. Among DM patients, those with abnormal esophageal motility had a significantly higher prevalence of neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy, as well as higher reflux or constipation scores on the GSRS, than those with normal results. Conclusions: Among patients with dysphagia, the frequency of minor esophageal motility disorders was higher in DM patients than in non-DM patients. Abnormal esophageal motility related to poor esophageal clearance was associated with higher prevalence of diabetic complications.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)554-562
ページ数9
ジャーナルDigestion
102
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 01-06-2021
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 消化器病学

フィンガープリント

「Comparison of High-Resolution Manometry in Patients Complaining of Dysphagia among Patients with or without Diabetes Mellitus」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル