Construction of a population-specific HLA imputation reference panel and its application to Graves' disease risk in Japanese

Yukinori Okada, Yukihide Momozawa, Kyota Ashikawa, Masahiro Kanai, Koichi Matsuda, Yoichiro Kamatani, Atsushi Takahashi, Michiaki Kubo

研究成果: Article査読

77 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

To fine map association signals of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) variants in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region, we constructed a Japanese population-specific reference panel (n = 908). We conducted trans-ancestry comparisons of linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype structure for HLA variants using an entropy-based LD measurement, I, and a visualization tool to capture high-dimensional variables. Our Japanese reference panel exhibited stronger LD between HLA genes than European or other East Asian populations, characterized by one population-specific common long-range HLA haplotype. We applied HLA imputation to genome-wide association study (GWAS) data for Graves' disease in Japanese (n = 9,003) and found that amino acid polymorphisms of multiple class I and class II HLA genes independently contribute to disease risk (HLA-DPB1, HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-DRB1; P < 2.3 × 10 '6), with the strongest impact at HLA-DPB1 (P = 1.6 × 10 '42). Our study illustrates the value of population-specific HLA reference panels.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)798-802
ページ数5
ジャーナルNature Genetics
47
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 26-06-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 遺伝学

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