The incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) increases with the progression of renal dysfunction. Recent reports have shown that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can be safely performed even in patients with advanced renal dysfunction by appropriate CIN-prevention strategies. However, data are limited regarding the occurrence and prognostic influence of CIN in patients with advanced renal dysfunction. We examined the data obtained from 323 consecutive patients with advanced renal dysfunction (eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m 2 ) who underwent PCI at 5 hospitals. CIN was defined as a ≥25% increase in baseline serum creatinine levels and/or a ≥0.5 mg/dl increase in absolute serum creatinine levels within 72 hours after PCI. Incidence of all-cause death and the initiation of permanent dialysis were examined during follow-up. The prevalence of emergency/urgent PCI was 53.3%. Intravascular ultrasound was used in 266 patients (82.4%), and the volume of contrast used was 71.7 ± 57.2 ml. CIN was observed in 31 patients (9.7%). The median follow-up duration was 656 days (interquartile range 257–1143 days). The cumulative rates of all-cause death or the initiation of permanent dialysis, all-cause death, and the initiation of permanent dialysis were 38.1%, 25.9%, and 18.2%, respectively, at 2 years. A comparison between patients with and without CIN showed no significant intergroup differences in the occurrence of the aforementioned events. In conclusion, the incidence of CIN was not high in Japanese patients with advanced renal dysfunction in routine clinical practice. Whereas, the long-term prognosis following PCI is observed to be poor in this studied population, and CIN did not show a significant prognostic influence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine