Contribution of the nurses' health study to the epidemiology of cataract, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma

Jae H. Kang, Juan Wu, Eunyoung Cho, Soshiro Ogata, Paul Jacques, Allen Taylor, Chung Jung Chiu, Janey L. Wiggs, Johanna M. Seddon, Susan E. Hankinson, Debra A. Schaumberg, Louis R. Pasquale

研究成果: Review article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objectives. To review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) to understanding the genetic and lifestyle factors that influence the risk of cataract, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Methods. We performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS between 1976 and 2016. Results. The NHS has helped to elucidate the roles of genetics, lifestyle factors (e.g., cigarette smoking associated with cataract extraction and age-related macular degeneration), medical conditions (e.g., diabetes associated with cataract extraction and glaucoma), and dietary factors (e.g., greater carotenoid intake and lower glycemic diet associated with lower risk of age-related macular degeneration) in the etiology of degree and progression of lens opacities, cataract extraction, age-related macular degeneration, primary open- Angle glaucoma, and exfoliation glaucoma. Conclusions. The findings from the NHS, combined with those of other studies, have provided compelling evidence to support public health recommendations for helping to prevent age-related eye diseases: Abstinence from cigarette smoking, maintenance of healthy weight and diabetes prevention, and a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1684-1689
ページ数6
ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Public Health
106
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 09-2016
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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