Current in-hospital management for patients with tuberculosis in a high-income country: a retrospective cohort study

Akane Takamatsu, Yasuhiro Kano, Yasuaki Tagashira, Teruo Kirikae, Hitoshi Honda

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

抄録

Objectives: In Japan, most cases of tuberculosis (TB) occur among individuals aged 65 years or older. However, data on in-hospital adverse events (AEs) associated with TB management, especially in high-income nations with an ageing population, are scarce. The present study aimed to scrutinize the current TB unit practices, incidence of in-hospital AEs and predictors of in-hospital mortality. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at a tertiary care centre in Tokyo, Japan from 2012 to 2017. Inpatients with the diagnosis of TB and aged >18 years were included. Quality of in-hospital care and factors associated with in-hospital mortality were investigated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: In total, 448 patients were enrolled. The in-hospital mortality rate was 16.7% (75/448). Miliary/disseminated TB was common (59/448, 13.2%), especially in those who died (17/75, 22.7%). Factors independently associated with in-hospital mortality were a low Karnofsky performance status score on admission (score: 40-10, adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 25.65, 95% CI 5.63–116.92 and score: 70-50, aOR 9.47, 95% CI 2.07–43.3), age over 89 years (aOR 3.68, 95% CI 1.08–12.46), Charlson Co-morbidity Index >5 (aOR 3.56, 95% CI 1.37–9.21), development of any health-care-associated infection (aOR 2.95, 95% CI 1.35–6.41), and development of any drug-related AE leading to discontinuation of anti-TB agents (seven patients were unable to resume treatment with anti-TB agents before death) (aOR 2.29, 95% CI 1.02–5.11). Conclusions: In-hospital AEs (i.e. health-care-associated infection and drug-related AEs), as well as patient-related variables, were associated with in-hospital mortality among TB patients.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)383-390
ページ数8
ジャーナルClinical Microbiology and Infection
28
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 03-2022
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 微生物学(医療)
  • 感染症

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