Cyclooxygenase product inhibition with acetylsalicylic acid slows disease progression in the Han:SPRD-Cy rat model of polycystic kidney disease

Naser H.M. Ibrahim, Melanie Gregoire, Jessay G. Devassy, Yinhong Wu, Daisuke Yoshihara, Tamio Yamaguchi, Shizuko Nagao, Harold M. Aukema

研究成果: Article

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Renal cyclooxygenase (COX) derived eicosanoids are elevated and lipoxygenase (LOX) products are reduced in the Han:SPRD-Cy rat model of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Selective COX2 inhibition reduces kidney disease progression, but COX1 levels also are elevated in this model. Since the effect of reducing the products of both COX isoforms and the role of LOX products is not known, weanling normal and diseased Han:SPRD-cy littermates were given either low dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), nordihydroguaiaretic (NDGA) or no treatment for eight weeks. Renal eicosanoids were altered in the diseased compared to normal cortex, with COX products being higher and LOX products being lower. ASA reduced COX products, cyst growth and kidney water content, while NDGA reduced LOX products without altering disease progression or kidney function. Hence, a human equivalent ASA dose equal to less than one regular strength aspirin per day slowed disease progression, while further reduction of LOX products did not worsen disease progression.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)19-25
ページ数7
ジャーナルProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
116-117
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cell Biology

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