Deep Learning Reconstruction for DWIs by EPI and FASE Sequences for Head and Neck Tumors

Hirotaka Ikeda, Yoshiharu Ohno, Kaori Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Murayama, Masato Ikedo, Masao Yui, Yunosuke Kumazawa, Yurika Shimamura, Yui Takagi, Yuhei Nakagaki, Satomu Hanamatsu, Yuki Obama, Takahiro Ueda, Hiroyuki Nagata, Yoshiyuki Ozawa, Akiyoshi Iwase, Hiroshi Toyama

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読


Background: Diffusion-weighted images (DWI) obtained by echo-planar imaging (EPI) are frequently degraded by susceptibility artifacts. It has been suggested that DWI obtained by fast advanced spin-echo (FASE) or reconstructed with deep learning reconstruction (DLR) could be useful for image quality improvements. The purpose of this investigation using in vitro and in vivo studies was to determine the influence of sequence difference and of DLR for DWI on image quality, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) evaluation, and differentiation of malignant from benign head and neck tumors. Methods: For the in vitro study, a DWI phantom was scanned by FASE and EPI sequences and reconstructed with and without DLR. Each ADC within the phantom for each DWI was then assessed and correlated for each measured ADC and standard value by Spearman’s rank correlation analysis. For the in vivo study, DWIs obtained by EPI and FASE sequences were also obtained for head and neck tumor patients. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and ADC were then determined based on ROI measurements, while SNR of tumors and ADC were compared between all DWI data sets by means of Tukey’s Honest Significant Difference test. Results: For the in vitro study, all correlations between measured ADC and standard reference were significant and excellent (0.92 ≤ ρ ≤ 0.99, p < 0.0001). For the in vivo study, the SNR of FASE with DLR was significantly higher than that of FASE without DLR (p = 0.02), while ADC values for benign and malignant tumors showed significant differences between each sequence with and without DLR (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In comparison with EPI sequence, FASE sequence and DLR can improve image quality and distortion of DWIs without significantly influencing ADC measurements or differentiation capability of malignant from benign head and neck tumors.

出版ステータス出版済み - 05-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究


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