Type 2 diabetes is closely associated with fragility fracture risk. Metabolic control of diabetes may improve bone status, but several anti-diabetic medicines could directly affect bone metabolism. Thiazolidinediones (TZD) may have a negative effect by switching mesenchymal progenitor cells to adipose rather than bone tissue. Clinical trials and meta-analyses showed that elderly women taking TZD could be at increased risk of fractures. On the contrary, in vitro studies suggest that incretin mimetics and incretin enhancers could positively regulate bone metabolism. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, which enhance serum incretin concentration, have been reported to reduce clinical fractures. However, further studies would be required for their long term-efficacy and safety on bone metabolism.
|出版ステータス||Published - 09-2012|
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