Les différences entre les sexes dans la prévalence du diabète sucré, de la glycémie à jeun anormale et de l'intolérance au glucose en Afrique subsaharienne: Examen systématique et méta-analyse

Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Leo Kawaguchi, Atsuko Aoyama

研究成果: Review article査読

74 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objective To assess differences between men and women in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glycaemia and impaired glucose tolerance in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods In September 2011, the PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for community-based, cross-sectional studies providing sex-specific prevalences of any of the three study conditions among adults living in parts of sub-Saharan Africa (i.e. in Eastern, Middle and Southern Africa according to the United Nations subregional classification for African countries). A random-effects model was then used to calculate and compare the odds of men and women having each condition. Findings In a meta-analysis of the 36 relevant, cross-sectional data sets that were identified, impaired fasting glycaemia was found to be more common in men than in women (OR: 1.56; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.20-2.03), whereas impaired glucose tolerance was found to be less common in men than in women (OR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.72-0.98). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus - which was generally similar in both sexes (OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 0.91-1.11) - was higher among the women in Southern Africa than among the men from the same subregion and lower among the women from Eastern and Middle Africa and from low-income countries of sub-Saharan Africa than among the corresponding men. Conclusion Compared with women in the same subregions, men in Eastern, Middle and Southern Africa were found to have a similar overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus but were more likely to have impaired fasting glycaemia and less likely to have impaired glucose tolerance.

寄稿の翻訳タイトルDifferences by sex in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glycaemia and impaired glucose tolerance in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis
本文言語French
ページ(範囲)671-682D
ジャーナルBulletin of the World Health Organization
91
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 09-2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 公衆衛生学、環境および労働衛生

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