Les différences entre les sexes dans la prévalence du diabète sucré, de la glycémie à jeun anormale et de l'intolérance au glucose en Afrique subsaharienne: Examen systématique et méta-analyse

Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Leo Kawaguchi, Atsuko Aoyama

研究成果: Review article

57 引用 (Scopus)


Objective To assess differences between men and women in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glycaemia and impaired glucose tolerance in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods In September 2011, the PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for community-based, cross-sectional studies providing sex-specific prevalences of any of the three study conditions among adults living in parts of sub-Saharan Africa (i.e. in Eastern, Middle and Southern Africa according to the United Nations subregional classification for African countries). A random-effects model was then used to calculate and compare the odds of men and women having each condition. Findings In a meta-analysis of the 36 relevant, cross-sectional data sets that were identified, impaired fasting glycaemia was found to be more common in men than in women (OR: 1.56; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.20-2.03), whereas impaired glucose tolerance was found to be less common in men than in women (OR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.72-0.98). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus - which was generally similar in both sexes (OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 0.91-1.11) - was higher among the women in Southern Africa than among the men from the same subregion and lower among the women from Eastern and Middle Africa and from low-income countries of sub-Saharan Africa than among the corresponding men. Conclusion Compared with women in the same subregions, men in Eastern, Middle and Southern Africa were found to have a similar overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus but were more likely to have impaired fasting glycaemia and less likely to have impaired glucose tolerance.

ジャーナルBulletin of the World Health Organization
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-09-2013


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health