We report here the time-dependent expression of several classes of HSP mRNAs following focal cerebral ischemia in rats. HSP70, GRP78, HSP27, HSP47 and HSP47 have been reported to possess distinct functions under normal and/or stress conditions. These different classes of HSP mRNAs were differentially induced by ischemia, as determined by Northern blot analysis. Messenger RNAs of the HSP70 family proteins were induced within 4h after ischemia d then rapidly decreased, whereas HSP27 and HSP47 mRNAs reached a maximum level of expression at 24 h and 48 h after ischemic treatment, respectively. In situ hybridization showed that the expression of inducible HSP70 mRNA was observed predominantly in regions adjacent to the ischemic core except during the early periods of ischemia. HSP27 mRNA was expressed over a broad area of the ipsilateral cerebral neocortex except for the ischemic center 24 h after ischemia. The unique induction kinetics for each HSP mRNA species may reflect their distinct roles in the brain during various physiological stresses. We will also discuss that stress proteins may be involved in the central nervous system after ischemia in two important aspects: early protection against stress and restoration of damaged lesions in the brain at later stages after ischemia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology