Diffusion weighted imaging with reverse encoding distortion correction: Improvement of image quality and distortion for accurate ADC evaluation in in vitro and in vivo studies

Minami Furuta, Hirotaka Ikeda, Satomu Hanamatsu, Kaori Yamamoto, Maiko Shinohara, Masato Ikedo, Masao Yui, Hiroyuki Nagata, Masahiko Nomura, Takahiro Ueda, Yoshiyuki Ozawa, Hiroshi Toyama, Yoshiharu Ohno

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

抄録

Purpose: The purpose of this in vivo study was to determine the effect of reverse encoding direction (RDC) on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements and its efficacy for improving image quality and diagnostic performance for differentiating malignant from benign tumors on head and neck diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Methods: Forty-eight patients with head and neck tumors underwent DWI with and without RDC and pathological examinations. Their tumors were then divided into two groups: malignant (n = 21) and benign (n = 27). To determine the utility of RDC for DWI, the difference in the deformation ratio (DR) between DWI and T2-weighted images of each tumor was determined for each tumor area. To compare ADC measurement accuracy of DWIs with and without RDC for each patient, ADC values for tumors and spinal cord were determined by using ROI measurements. To compare DR and ADC between two methods, Student's t-tests were performed. Then, ADC values were compared between malignant and benign tumors by Student's t-test on each DWI. Finally, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were compared by means of McNemar's test. Results: DR of DWI with RDC was significantly smaller than that without RDC (p < 0.0001). There were significant differences in ADC between malignant and benign lesions on each DWI (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant difference of diagnostic accuracy between the two DWIs (p > 0.05). Conclusion: RDC can improve image quality and distortion of DWI and may have potential for more accurate ADC evaluation and differentiation of malignant from benign head and neck tumors.

本文言語英語
論文番号111289
ジャーナルEuropean journal of radiology
171
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 02-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング

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