Background Dysphagia occurs frequently during the acute phase of cerebral hemorrhage; however, there are few reports of dysphagia associated with cerebral hemorrhage in the subacute and chronic phase. We focused on putaminal hemorrhage at a rehabilitation hospital and evaluated the relationships between the frequencies of dysphagia, focus, and hematoma volume and type. Methods A hundred patients with putaminal hemorrhage referred to our rehabilitation hospital were evaluated. Bedside swallowing assessments (BSAs) were conducted and results were evaluated relative to the information obtained on computed tomography imaging, including hematoma type and volume, and oral intake at the time of admission/discharge from the hospital. Results A regular diet was provided to 48 patients, dysphagia diet to 44 patients, and enteral feeding to 8 patients. There were significant feeding group differences in age, hematoma volume and type, existence of ventricle rupture, neurological manifestation, cognitive function, existence of unilateral neglect and aphasia, initial BSA, activities of daily living (ADL) score using the Functional Independence Measure at the time of admission/discharge from the hospital, and length of stay. At discharge, we provided a regular diet to 81 patients and dysphagia diet to 19 patients. Age and ADL score had the greatest influence on oral intake at the time of discharge from the hospital. Conclusion The prognosis of dysphagia caused by putaminal hemorrhage is good, with no patient requiring enteral feeding, although putaminal hemorrhage often causes dysphagia. Patient age and ADL score on admission are used to predict the residual factors of dysphagia.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|出版ステータス||Published - 01-02-2016|
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