The usefulness of serum myoglobin (Mb) concentration for early detection of successful reperfusion was compared with that of creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CKMB) activity in 49 patients with acute myocardial infarction. To determine accurately the time of reperfusion, we performed coronary angiography every 5 minutes during reperfusion therapy. Reperfusion was obtained in 32 patients (reperfused group) but not in 17 patients (nonreperfused group) until 60 minutes after the initiation of reperfusion therapy. Blood samples were taken before and 15, 30, and 60 minutes after the angiographic confirmation of reperfusion in the reperfused group. In the nonreperfused group, samples were taken before and 15, 30, and 60 minutes after the initiation of treatment. We calculated the Mb ratio (value after reperfusion or treatment initiation to value before) and CKMB ratio (value after to value before). When values >2.4 for the Mb ratio or >2.0 for the CKMB ratio were used as the criteria for reperfusion within 60 minutes after initiation of treatment, the sensitivities were 91% and 56% at 15 minutes after reperfusion, 97% and 84% at 30 minutes, and 100% and 100% at 60 minutes, respectively. For each ratio the specificity of detection was 100% at all times evaluated. Thus the Mb ratio accurately detected the success of reperfusion as early as 15 minutes after reperfusion and may be more useful than the CKMB ratio for detecting the success of reperfusion within 30 minutes.
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