Both human heart-type cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABPc) and myoglobin are low molecular weight proteins that are abundant in the cytoplasm of myocardial cells. Unlike myoglobin, H-FABPc content in the skeletal muscle is less than in cardiac muscle. To investigate the usefulness of the serum concentration of H-FABPc in the early detection of successful coronary reperfusion, we measured serum concentrations of H-FABPc and myoglobin in 45 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with intracoronary thrombolysis or direct percutaneous translminal coronary angioplasty. Coronary angiography was performed every 5 min for reperfusion therapy to identify the onset of reperfusion. Reperfusion, defined as a TIMI grade 2 or 3, was achieved within 60 min of the initiation of reperfusion therapy in 30 patients (the reperfused group), but was not achieved in 15 patients (the non-reperfused group). Blood samples were obtained before initiation of treatment and 15, 30 and 60 min after initiation of treatment in the non-reperfused group. In the reperfused group, samples were obtained before reperfusion and 15, 30 and 60 min after reperfusion. The K-FABPc ratio (the ratio of value after to value before the initiation of treatment or reperfusion) increased sharply after the onset of reperfusion, peaking at 41±18 min, and decreased rapidly thereafter. The predictive accuracy of an H-FABPc ratio of > 1.8 for the detection of reperfusion within 60 min of the initiation of treatment was 93% at 15 min after reperfusion, 98% at 30 min, and 100% at 60 min. Similar rates of predictive accuracy were observed fora myoglobin ratio > 2.4. The H-FABPc ratio detected successful reperfusion as early as 15 min after the onset of reperfusion and was highly accurate in detecting reperfusion within 60 min of the onset of reperfusion. The predictive accuracy of the H-FABPc ratio was similar to that of the myoglobin ratio for the early detection of successful coronary reperfusion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes