Effect of infectious diseases on the pathogenesis of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis

Yoshimi Okamoto-Uchida, Ryosuke Nakamura, Kimie Sai, Takuya Imatoh, Kayoko Matsunaga, Michiko Aihara, Yoshiro Saito

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)


Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions. Recent studies have revealed that the prevalence of SJS/TEN is associated with genetic backgrounds, such as polymorphisms in human leukocyte antigens (HLAs). However, non-genetic factors contributing to the etiology of SJS/TEN are largely unknown. This study aimed to assess the involvement of concurrent infection on the pathological states of SJS/TEN, examining the severity of cutaneous symptoms and ocular involvement as well as the time to onset in drug-induced SJS/TEN patients. We recruited 257 Japanese SJS/TEN patients from June 2006 to September 2013 through a nationwide case collection network and participating hospitals and reviewed the clinical information including patient backgrounds, primary disease and medication status. Association between infection and pathological states of SJS/TEN was assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses. The concurrent infectious group of SJS/TEN patients showed a significantly higher rate of exhibiting severer dermatological and ophthalmological phenotypes and an earlier onset of SJS/TEN than the non-infectious group. Our results suggest that the infection could be a risk factor to cause severer symptoms and earlier onset of SJS/TEN.

ジャーナルBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
出版ステータス出版済み - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 薬理学
  • 薬科学


「Effect of infectious diseases on the pathogenesis of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。