Effect of Post-stroke Depression on Functional Outcomes of Patients With Stroke in the Rehabilitation Ward: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Yoshitaka Wada, Yohei Otaka, Taiki Yoshida, Kanako Takekoshi, Raku Takenaka, Yuki Senju, Hirofumi Maeda, Seiko Shibata, Taro Kishi, Satoshi Hirano

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of post-stroke depression in a rehabilitation ward and elucidate its effect on functional improvement and outcomes. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: A convalescent rehabilitation ward at a University Hospital. Participants: A total of 114 patients with stroke (mean [SD] age, 67.2 [13.5] years; men, 76) assessed at 2 weeks after admission using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview were enrolled. Main Outcome Measure: Functional independence measure (FIM) efficiency during hospitalization in the ward. Results: Eleven patients (9.6%) had depression based on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Total FIM efficiency and FIM efficiency in the subtotal of motor items were significantly higher in the non-depression group than in the depression group (median [interquartile range]: 0.69 [0.39-0.95] vs 0.41 [0.24-0.63], P=.027; and 0.56 [0.38-0.80] vs 0.42 [0.18-0.49], P=.023, respectively). Patients in the non-depression group had higher FIM scores at discharge (median [interquartile range]: 116.0 [104.5-123.0] vs 104.0 [82.5-112.0], P=.013, respectively), and were more likely to be discharged home (80.6% vs 36.4%, P=.003). Furthermore, patients in the depression group also stayed significantly longer in the ward (71.0 [36.1] vs 106.1 [43.3], P=.010). Conclusions: Patients with post-stroke depression showed poorer efficiency of functional recovery than those without depression. A future multicenter study with a larger sample size is needed to verify these findings.

本文言語英語
論文番号100287
ジャーナルArchives of Rehabilitation Research and Clinical Translation
5
4
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • リハビリテーション
  • 理学療法、スポーツ療法とリハビリテーション

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