Purpose: The Flow Re-direction Endoluminal Device (FRED) has recently become available for flow diversion in Japan. We have encountered cases that failed to deploy the FRED. In this study, we report our initial experience with the FRED for cerebral aneurysms and clarify the causes of failed FRED deployment. Methods: A retrospective data analysis was performed to identify patients treated with the FRED between June 2020 and March 2021. Follow-up digital subtraction angiography was performed at 3 and 6 months and assessed using the O’Kelly-Marotta (OKM) grading scale. Results: Thirty-nine aneurysms in 36 patients (average age: 54.4 years) were treated with the FRED. The average sizes of the dome and neck were 9.9 mm and 5.2 mm, respectively. In nine patients, additional coiling was performed. In one patient (2.6%), proximal vessel injury caused direct carotid-cavernous fistula during deployment. Ischaemic complications were encountered in one patient (2.6%) with transient symptoms. Angiographic follow-up at 6 months revealed OKM grade C or D in 86.6% of patients. FRED deployment was successful in 35 (92.1%) procedures. In the failure group, the differences between the FRED and the minimum vessel diameter (P = 0.04) and the rate of the parent vessel having an S-shaped curve (P = 0.04) were greater than those in the success group. Conclusions: Flow diversion using the FRED is effective and safe for treating cerebral aneurysms. The use of the FRED for patients with an S-shaped curve in the parent vessel and oversizing of more than 2 mm should be considered carefully.
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