Inflammatory bowel diseases, including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic inflammatory disorders associated with oxidative stress. The intestines produce 5-hydroxytryptamine that may negatively affect disease state under inflammatory conditions when overproduced. 5-Hydroxytryptamine is a substrate for myeloperoxidase and is converted into reactive tryptamine-4,5-dione. Here, an experimental colitis model was established through oral administration of 5% dextran sulfate sodium to ICR mice for 7 days. Furthermore, the formation of tryptamine-4,5-dione in the colorectal mucosa/submucosa and colorectal tissue was analyzed by chemical and immunochemical methodologies. First, free tryptamine-4,5-dione in the homogenate was chemically trapped by o-phenylenediamine and analyzed as the stable phenazine derivative. Tryptamine-4,5-dione localization as adducted proteins in the colorectal tissue was immunohistochemically confirmed, and as demonstrated by both methods, this resulted in the significant increase of tryptamine-4,5-dione in dextran sulfate sodium-challenged mice compared with control mice. Immunohistochemical staining confirmed tryptamine-4,5-dione-positive staining at the myeloperoxidase accumulation site in dextran sulfate sodium-challenged mice colorectal tissue. The tryptamine-4,5-dione locus in the mice was partly matched with that of a specific marker for myeloperoxidase, halogenated tyrosine. Overall, the results possibly indicate that tryptamine-4,5-dione is generated by neutrophil myeloperoxidase in inflammatory tissue and may contribute to the development of inflammatory bowel disease.
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