Enhancement of immobility in a forced swimming test by subacute or repeated treatment with phencyclidine: a new model of schizophrenia

Y. Noda, K. Yamada, H. Furukawa, T. Nabeshima

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Immobility induced by forced swimming is well known as an animal model of depression. To develop an animal model for the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, in particular the depressive symptoms, the effect of phencyclidine (PCP) on immobility in the forced swimming test was investigated in mice, since PCP produces such negative symptoms in humans. Repeated treatment with PCP (10 mg kg−1 day−1, s.c., once a day for 14 days) prolonged the immobility time in the forced swimming test 24 h after the final injection compared with saline treatment; the effect was not obtained by single or 5 treatments with PCP (10 mg kg−1, s.c.), or by repeated treatment with methamphetamine (0.5 and 1 mg kg−1 day−1, s.c., once a day for 14 days). The enhancing effect of PCP (10 mg kg−1 day−1, s.c.) on the immobility persisted for at least 21 days after the withdrawal of the drug. Haloperidol (0.3 and mg kg−1, p.o.), ritanserin (3 and 10 mg kg−1, p.o.), risperidone (0.1‐1 mg kg, p.o.), and clozapine (3 and 10 mg kg−1, p.o.) failed to attenuate the immobility induced by the forced swimming in mice repeatedly treated with saline when the drugs were administered 1 h before the forced swimming test. However, ritanserin (30 mg kg−1) and clozapine (30 mg kg−1) did attenuate this immobility. The enhancing effect of PCP on the immobility was attenuated by ritanserin (3 and 10 mg kg−1, p.o.), risperidone (0.3 mg kg−1, p.o.), and clozapine (3 and 10 mg kg−1, p.o.), whereas haloperidol (0.3 and 1 mg kg−1, p.o.) had no effect. These results suggest that the enhancement of immobility in the forced swimming test brought about by repeated PCP treatment could be used as a model of the negative symptoms, particularly the depression, of schizophrenia. This effect of PCP appeared to be mediated, at least in part, via 5‐HT2A receptors. 1995 British Pharmacological Society

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)2531-2537
ページ数7
ジャーナルBritish Journal of Pharmacology
116
発行部数5
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 11-1995
外部発表Yes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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