Epigenetic inactivation of the CHFR gene in cervical cancer contributes to sensitivity to taxanes

Kouji Banno, Megumi Yanokura, Makiko Kawaguchi, Yoshiko Kuwabara, Jyunko Akiyoshi, Yusuke Kobayashi, Takashi Iwata, Akira Hirasawa, Takuma Fujii, Nobuyuki Susumu, Kastumi Tsukazaki, Daisuke Aoki

研究成果: Article査読

31 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A relationship between inactivation of mitotic checkpoint genes and sensitivity of cancer cells to anticancer agents has been reported. We investigated the effect of epigenetic inactivation by aberrant hypermethylation of the mitotic checkpoint gene CHFR (checkpoint with forkhead and ring finger) on the sensitivity of cervical cancer cells to taxanes. Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) of cervical smears showed aberrant methylation of CHFR in 12.3% (2/14) of adenocarcinoma specimens. In contrast, aberrant DNA methylation was not detected in normal cervical cells or squamous cell carcinoma cells. Aberrant methylation of CHFR was also analyzed in 6 human cervical carcinoma-derived cell lines and was observed in SKG-IIIb and HeLa cells. These cell lines showed high sensitivity to taxanes, but became taxane-resistant upon treatment with 5-azacytidine. Furthermore, suppression of CHFR expression in siRNA-transfected SKG-IIIa cells caused increased sensitivity to taxanes. In conclusion, aberrant methylation of the CHFR gene may be useful as a molecular marker for selection of therapy for patients with cervical adenocarcinoma with a poor prognosis, and may also suggest a new therapeutic strategy of targeting CHFR in cervical cancer. To our knowledge, this study is the first to examine epigenetic inactivation by aberrant hypermethylation of CHFR in cervical cancer.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)713-720
ページ数8
ジャーナルInternational journal of oncology
31
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 10-2007
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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