The evaluation of venous drainage patterns prior to surgery for skull base meningioma is important owing to their deep location and the vulnerability of surrounding vascular structures. In recent years, the microsurgical skull base approach has matured as a surgical technique, making it an important option for reducing complications related to skull base meningioma surgery. In addition, knowledge of the venous anatomy can prevent venous drainage route disturbance and potentially life-threatening complications. Hence, this topic review aimed to provide an overview of normal venous anatomy as it relates to the microsurgical skull base approach, discuss known changes in venous drainage routes that are associated with the progression of skull base meningioma and the selection of an appropriate operative approach with the highest likelihood of preserving venous drainage structures.
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