We examined the effects of high glucose concentrations on the expression of adhesion molecules in human aortic endothelial cells. Expression levels of both mRNA and protein of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were increased after incubation of endothelial cells with 30 mM glucose for 24 h. The effect of glucose on ICAM-1 was concentration dependent, partially attributable to osmolarity, and enhanced by glycated-collagen. Staurosporine (10 nM), epalrestat (10 μM) suppressed the expression of ICAM-1 mRNA and protein induced by high glucose to variable extents. Aminoguanidine (50 mM) suppressed the expression of ICAM-1 protein. It is thought that soluble ICAM-1 protein is produced by shedding in human aortic endothelial cells because RNA for the soluble form of ICAM-1 formed by variant splicing has not been detected. These results show that glucose is an important determinant of ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells, and suggest that ICAM-1 molecules induced by hyperglycemia may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis in diabetes mellitus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)