Expression of the intestine-specific transcription factors, Cdx1 and Cdx2, correlates shift to an intestinal phenotype in gastric cancer cells

Tsutomu Mizoshita, Ken Ichi Inada, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Koji Nozaki, Takashi Joh, Makoto Itoh, Yoshitaka Yamamura, Toshikazu Ushijima, Shigeo Nakamura, Masae Tatematsu

研究成果: Article査読

48 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose: It is well known that gastric cancers (GCs) at early stages, independent of the histological type, mainly consist of gastric phenotype malignant cells, while those at advanced stage tend to have a more intestinal phenotype with progression. However, the connection between this shift and expression of homeobox genes, which are important factors to maintain tissue character, has remained unclear. We therefore evaluated the expression of Cdx1/ 2 in relation to the phenotype of GCs. Methods: We analyzed the expression of Cdx1/2 mRNAs by Northern blotting and Cdx2 protein by immunohistochemistry in seventy advanced GCs, and evaluated phenotypically using mucin- and immunohistochemistry. Results: Seventy GCs were divided phenotypically into 16 gastric (G type), 18 gastric and intestinal mixed (GI type), 18 intestinal (I type), and 18 null (N type) phenotypes, independent of the histological classification. Cdx1 and Cdx2 mRNAs statistically demonstrated an increase with shift from G to I (P = 0.042 and P = 0.0082, respectively). Cdx2 nuclear staining was observed immunohistochemically in the intestinal phenotypic cancer cells, but could not be detected in those with only the gastric phenotype. Conclusions: These results show that Cdx1 and Cdx2 might be indispensable for intestinal phenotypic expression even in gastric cancer cells.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)29-36
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
130
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 01-2004
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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