Background: This study aimed to examine family history among Japanese ovarian cancer patients and to investigate the TP53 status of fallopian tube epithelial and ovarian cancer cells in a Japanese BRCA1 mutant case that may be associated with the transformed state in hereditary ovarian cancer. Methods: One hundred and two primary ovarian cancer patients were retrospectively evaluated in this cross-sectional study. The family history of cancer was determined in probands. In a BRCA1 mutant case, p53 immunostaining and direct sequencing, followed by laser-capture microdissection, were performed for the fallopian tube, considered the origin of ovarian cancer. Results: Nine of 102 (8.8%) families were regarded as having hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome, two families (2.0%) were diagnosed with Lynch syndrome and six patients harbored BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. One case underwent risk-reductive salpingooophorectomy as a BRCA1 mutant carrier was retrospectively diagnosed as occult cancer. Common TP53 mutations were detected in cancer and fallopian tube epithelial cells in the case. Conclusions: Here, we integrate family cancer history and histology in ovarian cancer cases as well as TP53 status in a BRCA1 mutant case into a discussion regarding carcinogenesis in a Japanese population. The TP53 status for the BRCA1 mutant case examined here supports the recently proposed theory that ovarian cancer develops because of BRCA1 or BRCA2 inactivation and/or TP53 mutations.
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