Purpose: To assess the feasibility and the clinical usefulness of a newly developed endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) shear-wave elastography technique (EUS shear-wave measurement: EUS-SWM) in the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Methods: Tissue elasticity was measured in the pancreas in 160 patients. The success rate of EUS-SWMs, the velocity of the shear wave (Vs, m/s), and the reliability index of the Vs measurement (VsN) were evaluated, and the elasticity (median Vs) was compared between AIP patients (n = 14) and normal controls. Results: A total of 3837 EUS-SWMs were performed without adverse events. Overall, 97.6% (3743/3837) were successful. The median VsN was 74%. The median Vs values of the pancreas were as follows: 2.22 m/s in the pancreatic head (push position), 2.36 m/s in the head (pull position), 1.99 m/s in the body, and 2.25 m/s in the tail. The median Vs of the AIP group (2.57 m/s) was significantly higher than that of the normal controls (1.89 m/s) (P = 0.0185). The mean Vs significantly decreased from 3.32 m/s to 2.46 m/s after steroid therapy (n = 6) (P = 0.0234). Conclusion: EUS-SWM is feasible and generates credible results. EUS-SWM was a useful method for assessment of the effect of steroid therapy in AIP patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes