Fibroblast growth factor-2 is an important factor that maintains cellular immaturity and contributes to aggressiveness of osteosarcoma

Takatsune Shimizu, Tomoki Ishikawa, Sayaka Iwai, Arisa Ueki, Eiji Sugihara, Nobuyuki Onishi, Shinji Kuninaka, Takeshi Miyamoto, Yoshiaki Toyama, Hiroshi Ijiri, Hajime Mori, Yumi Matsuzaki, Tomonori Yaguchi, Hiroshi Nishio, Yutaka Kawakami, Yasuo Ikeda, Hideyuki Saya

研究成果: Article査読

20 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Osteosarcoma is the most frequent, nonhematopoietic, primary malignant tumor of bone. Histopathologically, osteosarcoma is characterized by complex mixtures of different cell types with bone formation. The role of environmental factors in the formation of such a complicated tissue structure as osteosarcoma remains to be elucidated. Here, a newly established murine osteosarcoma model was used to clarify the roles of environmental factors such as fibroblast growth factor-2 (Fgf2) or leukemia-inhibitory factor (Lif) in the maintenance of osteosarcoma cells in an immature state. These factors were highly expressed in tumor environmental stromal cells, rather than in osteosarcoma cells, and they potently suppressed osteogenic differentiation of osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Further investigation revealed that the hyperactivation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk)1/2 induced by these factors affected in the process of osteosarcoma differentiation. In addition, Fgf2 enhanced both proliferation and migratory activity of osteosarcoma cells and modulated the sensitivity of cells to an anticancer drug. The results of the present study suggest that the histology of osteosarcoma tumors which consist of immature tumor cells and pathologic bone formations could be generated dependent on the distribution of such environmental factors. The combined blockade of the signaling pathways of several growth factors, including Fgf2, might be useful in controlling the aggressiveness of osteosarcoma.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)454-468
ページ数15
ジャーナルMolecular Cancer Research
10
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 03-2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

フィンガープリント 「Fibroblast growth factor-2 is an important factor that maintains cellular immaturity and contributes to aggressiveness of osteosarcoma」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル