Fosphenytoin vs. continuous midazolam for pediatric febrile status epilepticus

Masahiro Nishiyama, Hiroaki Nagase, Kazumi Tomioka, Tsukasa Tanaka, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Yusuke Ishida, Daisaku Toyoshima, Kyoko Fujita, Azusa Maruyama, Hiroshi Kurosawa, Yoshiyuki Uetani, Kandai Nozu, Mariko Taniguchi-Ikeda, Ichiro Morioka, Satoshi Takada, Kazumoto Iijima

研究成果: Article査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Fosphenytoin (fPHT) and continuous intravenous midazolam (cMDL) had commonly been used as second-line treatments for pediatric status epilepticus (SE) in Japan. However, there is no comparative study of these two treatments. Methods: We included consecutive children who 1) were admitted to Kobe Children's Hospital because of convulsion with fever and 2) were treated with either fPHT or cMDL as second-line treatment for convulsive SE lasting for longer than 30 min. We compared, between the fPHT and cMDL groups, the proportion of barbiturate coma therapy (BCT), incomplete recovery of consciousness, mechanical ventilation, and inotropic agents. Results: The proportion of BCT was not significantly different between the two groups (48.7% [20/41] in fPHT and 35.3% [29/82] in cMDL, p = 0.17). The prevalence of incomplete recovery of consciousness, mechanical ventilation, and inotropic agents was not different between the two groups. After excluding 49 patients treated with BCT, incomplete recovery of consciousness 6 h and 12 h after onset was more frequent in the cMDL group than in the fPHT group (71.7% vs. 33.3%, p < 0.01; 56.6% vs. 14.2%, p < 0.01; respectively). Mechanical ventilation was more frequent in the cMDL group than in the fPHT group (32.0% vs. 4.7%, p = 0.01). Conclusions: Our results suggest that 1) the efficacy of fPHT and cMDL is similar, although cMDL may prevent the need for BCT compared with fPHT, and 2) fPHT is relatively safe as a second-line treatment for pediatric SE in patients who do not require BCT.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)884-890
ページ数7
ジャーナルBrain and Development
40
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 11-2018
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 発達神経科学
  • 臨床神経学

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