GABA type B receptor signaling in proopiomelanocortin neurons protects against obesity, insulin resistance, and hypothalamic inflammation in male mice on a high-fat diet

Yoshihiro Ito, Ryoichi Banno, Miyuki Shibata, Koichi Adachi, Shigeru Hagimoto, Daisuke Hagiwara, Yoshiharu Ozawa, Motomitsu Goto, Hidetaka Suga, Yoshihisa Sugimura, Bernhard Bettler, Yutaka Oiso, Hiroshi Arima

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

47 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

There is evidence suggesting that the GABA system in the arcuate nucleus, where orexigenic neuropeptide Y and agouti-related peptide as well as anorexigenic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) are expressed, plays an important role in energy balance. In this study, we generated POMC-specific GABAB receptor-deficient [knock-out (KO)] mice. Male KO mice on a high-fat diet (HFD) showed mild increases in body weight (BW) at the age of 9 weeks compared to wild-type (WT) mice, and the differences remained significant until 16 weeks old. However, there was no difference in BW in females between genotypes. While food intake was similar between genotypes, oxygen consumption was significantly decreased in the male KO mice. The insulin tolerance test revealed that the male KO mice were less insulin sensitive compared to WT mice at the age of 8 weeks, when there was no significant difference in BW between genotypes. Despite increasedBW,POMCmRNAexpression in the arcuate nucleus was significantly decreased in theKOmice compared toWTmice at the age of 16 weeks. Furthermore, the expression of TNFα as well as IL-6, proinflammatory markers in the hypothalamus, was significantly increased in the KO mice on a HFD compared to WT mice. This demonstrates that the deletion of GABAB receptors in POMC neurons in the male mice on a HFD results in obesity, insulin resistance, and hypothalamic inflammation. Furthermore, the decreased POMC expression in the obeseKOmice suggests that the regulation ofPOMCexpression throughGABAB receptors is essential for proper energy balance.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)17166-17173
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Neuroscience
33
43
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2013
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神経科学一般

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