To investigate the molecular mechanisms of gastric carcinogenesis after Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication, expression of miR-124a, miR-34b, and miR-34c was examined in nonneoplastic gastric specimens after successful H. pylori eradication. The magnifying narrow-band imaging (NBI) endoscopic features of gastric mucosa were also examined. The atrophic type, an informative endoscopic feature for histological intestinal metaplasia, showed lower expression of miR-124a. Lower expression of miR-124a correlated with hypermethylation of the miR-124a3 locus. The atrophic type represents gastric microarchitectures associated with irreversibility with H. pylori eradication and downregulation of miR-124a.
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