Diet can be the most important factor that influences risks for cardiovascular diseases. Genistein included in soy is one candidate that may benefit the cardiovascular system. Here, we investigated the inhibitory effects of genistein on thrombotic vessel occlusion in the mouse femoral artery using a photochemical reaction, and in vitro platelet aggregation in whole blood measured by single platelet counting. Genistein (10 mg/kg), intravenously administered 10 min before the rose bengal injection, significantly prolonged the thrombotic occlusion time from 6.1±0.4 to 8.4±0.8 min (P<0.05). Genistein at doses higher than 30 μM significantly (P<0.01) inhibited in vitro platelet aggregation induced by collagen (1 and 3 μg/ml). When 10 mg/kg genistein was intravenously administered, ex vivo platelet aggregation induced by collagen (1 and 3 μg/ml) was significantly suppressed (P<0.01). In conclusion, genistein prevented in vivo thrombogenesis and suppressed in vitro platelet aggregation. These results suggest that dietary supplementation of soy may prevent the progression of thrombosis and atherosclerosis.
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