GWAS of smoking behaviour in 165,436 Japanese people reveals seven new loci and shared genetic architecture

Nana Matoba, Masato Akiyama, Kazuyoshi Ishigaki, Masahiro Kanai, Atsushi Takahashi, Yukihide Momozawa, Shiro Ikegawa, Masashi Ikeda, Nakao Iwata, Makoto Hirata, Koichi Matsuda, Michiaki Kubo, Yukinori Okada, Yoichiro Kamatani

研究成果: Letter査読

17 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for a wide range of human diseases 1 . To investigate the genetic components associated with smoking behaviours in the Japanese population, we conducted a genome-wide association study of four smoking-related traits using up to 165,436 individuals. In total, we identified seven new loci, including three loci associated with the number of cigarettes per day (EPHX2–CLU, RET and CUX2–ALDH2), three loci associated with smoking initiation (DLC1, CXCL12–TMEM72-AS1 and GALR1–SALL3) and LINC01793–MIR4432HG, associated with the age of smoking initiation. Of these, three loci (LINC01793–MIR4432HG, CXCL12–TMEM72-AS1 and GALR1–SALL3) were found by conducting an additional sex-stratified genome-wide association study. This additional analysis showed heterogeneity of effects between sexes. The cross-sex linkage disequilibrium score regression 2,3 analysis also indicated that the genetic component of smoking initiation was significantly different between the sexes. Cross-trait linkage disequilibrium score regression analysis and trait-relevant tissue analysis showed that the number of cigarettes per day has a specific genetic background distinct from those of the other three smoking behaviours. We also report 11 diseases that share genetic basis with smoking behaviours. Although the current study should be carefully considered owing to the lack of replication samples, our findings characterized the genetic architecture of smoking behaviours. Further studies in East Asian populations are warranted to confirm our findings.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)471-477
ページ数7
ジャーナルNature Human Behaviour
3
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 01-05-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 社会心理学
  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 行動神経科学

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