Healthy cognitive aging and leisure activities among the oldest old in Japan: Takashima study

Hiroko H. Dodge, Yoshikuni Kita, Hajime Takechi, Takehito Hayakawa, Mary Ganguli, Hirotsugu Ueshima

研究成果: Article査読

40 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background. Little is known regarding the normative levels of leisure activities among the oldest old and the factors that explain the age-associated decline in these activities. Methods. The sample included 303 cognitively intact community-dwelling elderly persons with no disability in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and minimal dependency in Instrumental ADL (IADL) in Shiga prefecture, Japan. We examined (i) the nature and frequency of leisure activities, comparing the oldest old versus younger age groups; (ii) factors that explain the age-associated differences in frequencies of engagement in these activities; and (iii) domain-specific cognitive functions associated with these activities, using three summary index scores: physical and nonphysical hobby indexes and social activity index. Results. The oldest old (85 years old or older) showed significantly lower frequency scores in all activity indexes, compared with the youngest old (age 65-74 years). Gait speed or overall mobility consistently explained the age-associated reduction in levels of activities among the oldest old, whereas vision or hearing impairment and depressive symptoms explained only the decline in social activity. Frequency of engagement in nonphysical hobbies was significantly associated with all cognitive domains examined. Conclusions. Knowing the factors that explain age-associated decline in leisure activities can help in planning strategies for maintaining activity levels among elderly persons.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1193-1200
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
63
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 11-2008
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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