High levels of FOXP3+ regulatory T cells in gastric MALT Lymphoma predict responsiveness to helicobacter pylori eradication

Yugo Iwaya, Motohiro Kobayashi, Masanobu Momose, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Yasuhiro Sakai, Taiji Akamatsu, Eiji Tanaka, Haruo Ohtani, Minoru Fukuda, Jun Nakayama

研究成果: Article査読

16 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Although Helicobacter pylori eradication is a first-line treatment of gastric MALT lymphoma, roughly 25% of patients do not respond to treatment. CD4+ FOXP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells regulate immune responses in physiological conditions and various inflammatory conditions, including H. pylori-associated diseases. Our goal was to determine how Treg cells affect responsiveness to H. pylori eradication therapy. Materials and methods: We performed dual immunohistochemistry for CD4 and FOXP3 to evaluate the prevalence of FOXP3+ Treg cells in the stomach of 63 patients with MALT lymphoma and 55 patients with chronic active gastritis. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was carried out to determine the best cut-off point in differentiating H. pylori eradication responders from nonresponders. Results: Both the FOXP3+/CD4+ cell ratio and the absolute number of FOXP3+ cells per high-power field in MALT lymphoma were significantly greater in H. pylori eradication responders compared with nonresponders, suggesting that Treg cells function in regression mechanisms of MALT lymphomas. Cut-off points with good sensitivities and specificities were obtained to predict eradication outcome. Conclusions: A high number of Treg cells or a high ratio of Treg cells to the total number of CD4+ T cells in gastric MALT lymphoma could predict responsiveness to eradication therapy.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)356-362
ページ数7
ジャーナルHelicobacter
18
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 10-2013
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 消化器病学
  • 感染症

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