High-resolution copy number variation analysis of schizophrenia in Japan

I. Kushima, B. Aleksic, M. Nakatochi, T. Shimamura, T. Shiino, A. Yoshimi, H. Kimura, Y. Takasaki, C. Wang, J. Xing, K. Ishizuka, T. Oya-Ito, Y. Nakamura, Y. Arioka, T. Maeda, M. Yamamoto, M. Yoshida, H. Noma, S. Hamada, M. MorikawaY. Uno, T. Okada, T. Iidaka, S. Iritani, T. Yamamoto, M. Miyashita, A. Kobori, M. Arai, M. Itokawa, M. C. Cheng, Y. A. Chuang, C. H. Chen, M. Suzuki, T. Takahashi, R. Hashimoto, H. Yamamori, Y. Yasuda, Y. Watanabe, A. Nunokawa, T. Someya, M. Ikeda, T. Toyota, T. Yoshikawa, S. Numata, T. Ohmori, S. Kunimoto, D. Mori, N. Iwata, N. Ozaki

研究成果: Article査読

56 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recent schizophrenia (SCZ) studies have reported an increased burden of de novo copy number variants (CNVs) and identified specific high-risk CNVs, although with variable phenotype expressivity. However, the pathogenesis of SCZ has not been fully elucidated. Using array comparative genomic hybridization, we performed a high-resolution genome-wide CNV analysis on a mainly (92%) Japanese population (1699 SCZ cases and 824 controls) and identified 7066 rare CNVs, 70.0% of which were small (<100 kb). Clinically significant CNVs were significantly more frequent in cases than in controls (odds ratio=3.04, P=9.3 × 10 -9, 9.0% of cases). We confirmed a significant association of X-chromosome aneuploidies with SCZ and identified 11 de novo CNVs (e.g., MBD5 deletion) in cases. In patients with clinically significant CNVs, 41.7% had a history of congenital/developmental phenotypes, and the rate of treatment resistance was significantly higher (odds ratio=2.79, P=0.0036). We found more severe clinical manifestations in patients with two clinically significant CNVs. Gene set analysis replicated previous findings (e.g., synapse, calcium signaling) and identified novel biological pathways including oxidative stress response, genomic integrity, kinase and small GTPase signaling. Furthermore, involvement of multiple SCZ candidate genes and biological pathways in the pathogenesis of SCZ was suggested in established SCZ-associated CNV loci. Our study shows the high genetic heterogeneity of SCZ and its clinical features and raises the possibility that genomic instability is involved in its pathogenesis, which may be related to the increased burden of de novo CNVs and variable expressivity of CNVs.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)430-440
ページ数11
ジャーナルMolecular Psychiatry
22
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 01-03-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 分子生物学
  • 精神医学および精神衛生
  • 細胞および分子神経科学

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