Here, we describe an human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*24:02-restricted cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clone, 1G3, established from naïve CD8+ T-lymphocytes obtained from a healthy donor stimulated with HLA-modified TOV21G, an ovarian cancer cell line. The 1G3 clone responds not only to ovarian cancer cells in the context of HLA-A*24:02 but also to allogeneic HLA-Cw*07:02 molecules through cross-reactive T-cell receptor recognition. Expression screening using a complementary DNA library constructed from TOV21G messenger RNA revealed that this alloreactivity was mediated through the nine-mer peptide VRTPYTMSY, derived from RNA-binding motif protein 4. To our knowledge, this study presents the first example of the allorecognition of an HLA-Cw molecule by HLA-A-restricted T-cells, thereby revealing a naturally processed epitope peptide. These findings provide the structural bases for the allorecognition of human T-cells. In addition, this study suggests that unexpected alloresponses occur in certain HLA combinations, and further study is needed to understand the mechanisms of alloreactivity for better prediction of alloresponses in clinical settings.
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