We found two Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains isolated from humans carrying the stx1 gene with an IS1203-like element (designated as IS1203v1). The IS1203v1 was inserted into the coding region of the A subunit 7 bp upstream from the TGA termination codon, resulting in a loss of two amino acid residues (Ser-Ser) from its C terminus. Toxicity of the Stx1 was confirmed by Vero cell assay. IS1203v1 hardly affected the stx1 gene in either its expression or the toxicity of its product.
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