Although mitral regurgitation (MR) is prevalent in patients with end-stage heart failure, the impact of mitral valve (MV) surgery on outcomes after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and morphologic changes of MV remains unclear. We retrospectively reviewed 74 patients who underwent LVAD implantation as a bridge to transplant. Of these, 11 (15%) underwent MV repair concomitant with or prior to LVAD implantation, while 27 patients with preoperative significant (moderate or greater) MR did not undergo concomitant MV surgery. The mean interval between LVAD implantation and the last echocardiographic examination was 913 days. Irrespective of MV surgery, significant LV reverse remodeling including decreased LV and left atrial dimension and improved MR severity was observed in all patients except for patients with prior MV surgery. Histopathological examination of explanted hearts removed at heart transplantation (n = 69) or autopsy (n = 5) revealed that the MV annulus was still dilated (mean perimeter 11.7 cm) in the patients with preoperative significant MR and no concomitant MV surgery. Concomitant MV surgery at the time of LVAD implantation for significant MR might not be always necessary for bridge to transplant or destination therapy cases. However, it might be required in patients having potential for cardiac recovery or patients with severe pulmonary hypertension and depressed right ventricle.
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